The Road to Precision Farming

Agriculture is on the brink of total revolution, but as the agriculture industry expands, so does the burden on today's farmers. Agricultural operations around the world are under increasing pressure to feed a growing population, meet the required sustainability regulations, and overcome a slew of other modern challenges, all while conserving farmland and water due to a depleting natural resource base.


Today's agricultural industry's most pressing requirement is to improve operational efficiency, resulting in the highest potential yield while utilizing the fewest resources possible. Fortunately, modern farmers can leverage the potential of automation by utilizing the Industrial Internet of things (IIOT) and 4.0 technologies to build precision agricultural techniques or procedures that employ technology to flexibly ensure every centimeter of arable farmland is properly utilized for the future of farming. Precision farming's ultimate vision is indeed a solution that uses connected technology to address all of a farmer's pain points at the same time.


The uses, usefulness, and agricultural benefits of adopting precision farming techniques of increasing intensities are outlined in the following step-by-step stages of automation. Static equipment is some of the most simple, yet most effective precision agricultural equipment. This fixed equipment is easy to set up and records crucial agricultural data, alerting farmers to critical changes.


  1. Permanent soil sensors

Permanent soil sensors detect a wide variety of soil characteristics, from moisture levels to chemical presence to nutrients.

Moisture sensors reduce the risk of human error in irrigation and can increase water efficiency by 40%, while electrochemical soil sensors monitor pH and nutrient levels by detecting specific ions and chemicals in the ground.

Farmers may monitor soil health and know when fields are unfriendly to specific crops by installing these data-gathering devices, ensuring that crop health and productivity are always maximized. These sensors can be combined with GPS and other aerial mapping technology in the future to provide farmers with a dynamic ‘soil map' of their land.


  1. E-Silo technology

With typical farming techniques, large amounts of silage are extremely difficult to manage and control. Ordinary silos can be transformed into E-Silos, which may report a variety of real-time metrics on the grain or maize being kept.

A totally autonomous operation is the pinnacle of precision farming automation. E-Silo technology gives farmers a 360-degree view of their silage, from volume to temperature to date applied, for maximum efficiency.


  1. Self-driving tractors

Tractor manufacturers are starting to include GPS, built-in sensors, and variable-rate technology into their machines, allowing tractors to travel fields independently and work together to till, seed, and plant, ensuring that no arable land or resources are wasted.


  1. Drones

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are increasingly being developed specifically for agricultural applications, including crop spraying. A single drone can traverse 7-10 acres per hour and deliver 7.57 liters of liquid in one hour.

When spraying, a swarm of these drones uses radar to keep a safe distance from the crop, and their settings can range from fully autonomous to semi-autonomous for smooth transitions between farming activities. Drone fleets equipped with cameras can also be used to inspect topography, soil, and crop growth.


  1. Precision planters

Precision planters employ GPS technology and sensors to put seeds in the soil with the greatest precision and speed possible.

Farmers can ensure that autonomous precision planters provide a strong return on investment by maximizing field acreage and yields.


  1. Autonomous irrigation

Chilean researchers have devised a self-contained irrigation system that saves 70% more water than previous irrigation systems. Wireless sensors are used to collect exact moisture measurements and maintain efficiency, resulting in a significant reduction in water waste.

These irrigation systems can not only reduce water usage, but their improved monitoring procedure may also give better documentation for sustenance regulations related to irrigation systems.


A totally autonomous operation is the pinnacle of precision farming automation. Advanced agricultural businesses may choose to invest only in autonomous equipment that may improve speed, productivity, and output, power sustainable practices, gather farm data for insight and visibility, keep costs low, and easily manage regulatory compliance. All these useful tools are powering the future of precision farming to improve operational efficiency, resulting in the highest potential yield while utilizing the fewest resources possible.


Mechanized Agricultural Equipment & Implements
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